The last holy day of obligation in the year, Christmas is second in importance in the liturgical calendar only to Easter. The Solemnity of Corpus Christi, or the Feast of the Body and Blood of Christ (as it is often called today), goes back to the 13th century, but it celebrates something far older: the institution of the Sacrament of Holy Communion at the Last Supper on Holy Thursday. The Catholic Church currently has ten Holy Days of Obligation, which are listed in Canon 1246 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law. In addition to Sunday, the days to be observed as holy days of obligation in the Latin Rite dioceses of the United States of America, in conformity with canon 1246, are as follows: January 1, the solemnity of Mary, Mother of God. When martyrdoms increased during the persecutions of the late Roman Empire, local dioceses instituted a common feast day in order to ensure that all martyrs, known and unknown, were properly honored. Thus some lists of Holy Days of Obligation for particular countries may include fewer than ten Holy Days of Obligation. Some feasts, e.g. Pope Callixtus III elevated the Transfiguration to a feast of the universal Church and established August 6 as the date of its celebration. "(Canon 1247 of the Code of Canon Law). The Solemnity of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is a very old feast of the Church, celebrated universally by the sixth century. On this day, we are reminded of the role that the Blessed Virgin played in the plan of our salvation. In certain countries, with the approval of the Vatican, the bishops' conference may have reduced the number of Holy Days of Obligation, usually by transferring the celebration of a feast such as Epiphany, Ascension, or Corpus Christi to the nearest Sunday, or in some cases, as in the Solemnities of Saint Joseph and of Saints Peter and Paul, by removing the obligation altogether. Wednesday, January 1, 2020 – Solemnity of Mary, The Holy Mother of God Thursday, May 21, 2020 – Ascension of the Lord (celebrated on Thursday in some dioceses; in others it is transferred to Sunday, May 24, 2020) Catholic Holy Days of Obligation in the United States, Holy Days of Obligation in the Catholic Church, Ascension Thursday: A Holy Day of Obligation. Holy Days of Obligation are days other than Sundays on which Catholics are required to participate in the Mass, our primary form of worship. It arose out of the Christian tradition of celebrating the martyrdom of saints on the anniversary of their martyrdom. Central Russian icon (circa mid-1800's) of selected saints. Statue of Saint Joseph in the Lourdes Grotto, Saint Mary Oratory, Rockford, IL. The number of additional Days ofOblig… You can also consult the following lists of Holy Days of Obligation for various countries: The Latin Rite of the Catholic Church begins the year by celebrating the Solemnity of Mary, the Mother of God. Easter, are always celebrated on Sundays,so they are always obligatory. Christ's Birth at Christmas, celebrated just a week before, was made possible by Mary's fiat: "Be it done unto me according to Thy word.". The Ascension of Our Lord, which occurred 40 days after Jesus Christ rose from the dead on Easter Sunday, is the final act of our redemption that Christ began on Good Friday. Thus some lists of … Is All Saints Day a Holy Day of Obligation? (The bishops' conference of a country can also add Holy Days of Obligation to the calendar, not just subtract them, though that rarely happens.). All Saints Day is a surprisingly old feast. The following list includes all ten of the Holy Days of Obligation prescribed for the Latin Rite. About 100,000 children and parents attended the event. In the Catholic Church, Holy Days of Obligation are the days on which thefaithful are obliged to participate in the Mass. in the list below, or check with your parish or diocese. Holy Days of Obligation in the United States, Solemnity of St. Joseph, Husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary, The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Madonna of humility by Fra Angelico, c. 1430. The Feast of the Epiphany of Our Lord Jesus Christ is one of the oldest Christian feasts, though, throughout the centuries, it has celebrated a variety of things. Thursday of the Sixth Week of Easter, the solemnity of the Ascension. The Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception, in its oldest form, goes back to the seventh century, when churches in the East began celebrating the Feast of the Conception of Saint Anne, the mother of Mary. (Any feast celebrated on a Sunday, such as Easter, falls under our normal Sunday Duty and thus isn't included in a list of Holy Days of Obligation.). On this day, the risen Christ, in the sight of His apostles, ascended bodily into Heaven. In other words, this feast celebrates, not the conception of Christ (a common misconception), but the conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the womb of Saint Anne; and nine months later, on September 8, we celebrate the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The practice eventually spread to the universal Church. Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament, Hanceville, AL. August 15, the solemnity of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Solemnity of St. Joseph, Husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary, celebrates the life of the foster father of Jesus Christ. Epiphany comes from a Greek verb meaning "to reveal," and all of the various events celebrated by the Feast of the Epiphany are revelations of Christ to man. are always obligatory. These ten Holy Days of Obligation apply to the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church; the Eastern Rites have their own Holy Days of Obligation. Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles. If in doubt, please click on "Is [name of holy day] a Holy Day of Obligation?" The Solemnity of Saint Peter and Paul, Apostles (June 29), celebrates the two greatest apostles, whose martyrdom established the preeminence of the Church at Rome. The Dormition of the Most Holy Theotokos, Central Russian icon, early 1800's. The Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception. 2020 Holy Days of Obligation: Sundays (including Epiphany, Palm Sunday, Easter Sunday, Pentecost, etc.) When New Year's Day Falls on Friday, Can Catholics Eat Meat? Pope Benedict XVI blesses the crowd with the Eucharist during a meeting and prayer with children who made their First Communion during 2005 in St. Peter's Square, October 15, 2005. The Ascension of Our Lord, Archangel Michael Church, Lansing, IL. When Is the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. They have also abstain fromunnecessary works, "which hinder the worship to be rendered to God, the joyproper to the Lord’s day, or the suitable relaxation of mind and body. When Christmas Falls on Friday, Can Catholics Eat Meat? Is Immaculate Conception a Holy Day of Obligation? In certain countries, with the approval of the Vatican, the bishops' conference may have reduced the number of Holy Days of Obligation, usually by transferring the celebration of a feast such as Epiphany, Ascension, or Corpus Christi to the nearest Sunday, or in some cases, as in the Solemnities of Saint Joseph and of Saints Peter and Paul, by removing the obligation altogether. It commemorates the death of Mary and her bodily assumption into Heaven before her body could begin to decay—a foretaste of our own bodily resurrection at the end of time. A preseppe (Nativity scene) featuring the Three Kings in a church in Rome, Italy, in January 2008. A Nativity scene for Christmas 2007 in front of the main altar at the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, Rome, Italy. The list of Days of Obligation includes all Sundaysin allcountries. The word Christmas derives from the combination of Christ and Mass; it is the feast of the Nativity of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
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